Cornea Transplantation

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    What is Cornea Transplantation?

    Understanding About

    Cornea Transplantation

    Corneal disease ranks as the fifth leading cause of blindness in the world. Keratoplasty is the most common and successful transplantation in humans with the first transplant completed in 1905. 

    The first successful human allograft and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) followed developments in anesthetics and antiseptic surgery and was performed by Eduard Zirm in December 1905 on a 45-year-old farm laborer with lime burns.

    Scientific advances in immunology, surgical technique, and tissue banking have shaped corneal transplantation into the field it is today.The last 20 years have brought significant developments in selective endothelial replacement that have brought about considerable shifts in the field.

    Cornea Transplantation FAQs

    Cornea Transplantation

    You will be in the operating room for 1-2 hours, but the actual surgery will take less time.
    Vision usually is blurred after surgery. It gradually improves as healing takes place. As the eye heals and the sutures are removed, the shape of the cornea changes. Therefore, your surgeon usually will wait between 3 and 12 months before prescribing a new lens for your glasses. If needed, a contact lens may be prescribed.
    This depends on your work activities, your comfort, and your vision. Some patients with desk jobs can return to work within a few days. Other people can be off work for a few weeks.
    The risk of corneal transplant rejection is low. However, it is possible to have a rejection at any time – even many years after your transplant surgery – and it is important to know the signs of rejection. A corneal transplant can be repeated, usually with good results. However, the overall rejection rates for repeated transplants are slightly higher than for the first transplant.
    If the vision in your other eye is adequate for driving, you may drive after the anesthetic has completely worn off. This may take up to 24 hours. Your surgeon may recommend you wait several days before driving. Remember, you must have someone to drive you home from the hospital as well as someone to bring you back the next day for your follow-up visit.