Mucormycosis – Black Fungus

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    What is Mucormycosis / Black Fungus

    Understanding About
    Mucormycosis / Black Fungus

    Mucormycosis, also known as black fungus, is increasingly common among immunocompromised individuals, primarily caused by fungi from the Mucoromycota phylum, notably Lichtheimia, Rhizopus, and Mucor. Rhizopus is the most prevalent genus.

    Risk factors include immunosuppression, transplantation, excessive iron, and diabetes mellitus, especially in diabetic ketoacidosis. The infection presents in various forms, affecting areas like the eyes, skin, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract. Invasive forms are aggressive, causing tissue necrosis and blood vessel thrombosis.

    Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment with high-dose antifungal medications like liposomal amphotericin B are crucial for survival, but may not always improve patient longevity. Severity depends on factors like infection site, extent of spread, treatment delay, neutropenia, age, and concurrent infections.

    Mucormycosis Black Fungus FAQs


     It is a vision-threatening and life-threatening condition. A high index of suspicion is very important here.

    ENT and eye specialists are central to this disease. The team includes care coordination with neurosurgeons, endocrinologists and microbiologists.
    Yes. Early diagnosis and prompt multi-speciality team management both medical and surgical is a must step.

    t may be triggered by extensive use of steroids, which is a life-saving treatment for moderate to severe COVID-19 infection. Steroids lower the immunity and also cause a sudden up-shooting of blood sugar levels in diabetics as well as non-diabetic patients.

    For patients on humidified oxygen, care should be taken to make sure there is no water leak, to prevent the growth of the fungus.

    Boost immune system- diet, hydration and exercise.Rational use of steroids- follow guidelines.Strict Blood sugar monitoring and control in all patients who are on steroids.