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    What is Pterygium?

    Understanding About


    Pterygium, a common ocular surface disease, remains poorly understood despite extensive research. Scientists are investigating its pathologic pathway, hereditary factors, and association with corneal irregularities and refractive issues. There’s a need for a standardized classification system to predict post-surgery recurrence rates. Ultraviolet exposure is a key risk factor, underscoring the importance of distinguishing between typical and atypical pterygia.

     Early removal may be necessary to mitigate astigmatism and corneal aberrations. Conjunctival autografting is preferred due to its lower recurrence rates, with mitomycin C as a promising adjuvant option. 

    Pterygium involves alterations in ocular surface homeostasis, including stem cell proliferation, inflammation, and tissue disruption. Despite research efforts, uncertainties persist, necessitating ongoing investigation.

    Pterygium FAQs

    Not necessarily. Pterygiums are typically minor disturbances, and they can appear without any associated symptoms. In the most severe cases, a pterygium will cause blurred or impaired vision and will need to be surgically removed from the patient’s eye. This can cause scarring on your cornea, but this is extremely rare.
    A pterygium will not go away on its own. The only way to remove a pterygium completely is through surgery. However, Visionary Eye Doctors provide comprehensive treatment plans to patients wanting to avoid surgery for their conditions. Depending on the severity of your condition, we’ll develop a treatment plan for you that is the least invasive, most stress-free option available.
    Pterygium surgery typically causes little to no pain. We use local and topical anesthesia via eye drops and also prescribe an oral medication to help you relax prior to the surgery. You may feel a bit of dryness and feel a foreign body sensation, which will improve over the first few days. Read more about pterygium surgery and recovery here.
    While a pterygium can appear quite scary, its presence is not an indication of cancer. In fact, pterygium cases are completely benign and are simply a fleshy growth that appears most commonly in individuals who experience prolonged exposure to sun rays in their eyes. Symptoms may be irritating, but with the right treatment plan, you can live a long, healthy life with a pterygium without worrying about more serious conditions arising as a result of its existence.

    The only way to remove a pterygium fully is through surgery. Recovery time varies depending on the severity of the case; however, most patients are advised to monitor progress for at least 12 months following their procedure. For patients not opting for surgery, treatment is advised as long as symptoms persist and disrupt the flow of daily activities.

    Consult with your Visionary Eye Doctors specialist if you feel your condition has gone on for longer than necessary.