Corneal Ulcer

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    What is Corneal Ulcer?

    Understanding About
    Corneal Ulcer

    A corneal ulcer is a serious condition involving a defect in the corneal epithelium that extends into the underlying stroma. It commonly affects individuals who wear contact lenses and typically presents with symptoms such as eye pain, blurry vision, and sensitivity to light. 

    Prompt treatment is crucial as corneal ulcers can lead to significant vision loss and various complications, including corneal scarring or perforation, glaucoma, cataracts, and synechiae formation. If left untreated, bacterial keratitis, which can result from corneal ulcers, may progress to endophthalmitis, potentially leading to loss of the eye.

    In the United States, the annual incidence of corneal ulcers ranges between 30,000 and 75,000 cases, with a notable portion of corneal transplants being performed to manage infectious keratitis. Recognizing the signs of corneal ulcers promptly is crucial to initiating treatment and arranging urgent ophthalmologic evaluation.

    Corneal Ulcer FAQs

    Corneal Ulcer
    Vitamin A deficiency causes corneal swelling and reduced sensitivity leading to an unhealthy cornea which results in corneal ulcers.
    The prognosis of corneal ulcer with respect to vision depends on the extent of damage. Sometimes, despite early detection and management, some cases of corneal ulcers might require surgery.

     Some ways to prevent a corneal ulcer are to seek medical attention immediately for any eye symptoms.

    Wear eye protection if you are exposed to small particles that can enter your eye.

    Use contact lenses safely.

    Doctors diagnose a corneal ulcer by looking at your eye. They’ll do a full eye exam, including checking your vision, and may also Scrape off a sample of the corneal ulcer for testing.

    A corneal ulcer can cause permanent damage, even blindness if it’s not treated. If you think you have a corneal ulcer or have any eye problems that bother you, contact your eye care provider right away.